Adult literacy rate in Kuwait is 96.3%. Male literacy is 96.5%. Female literacy is 95.8%. Therefore, male literacy and female literacy differ by 0.7%. Government expenditure on education is 3.8% of GDP. The education index of Kuwait is 0.646 - formal education levels in the country are average, but most of the population has a secondary school education at least; higher education is possible and not uncommon. People in Kuwait speak the Modern Standard Arabic language.